parasitoid and pathogen 3) give one example of a predator, parasite, parasitoid and pathogen Skills: communication, observation, listening, analysis Supplies: chalkboard or large piece of paper for brainstorm activity of procedure 1 Predators, Parasites,
63. Macrocentrus iridescens Diachasma alloeus (a parasitoid of apple maggot larvae) Bracon tachypteri (a parasitoid of plum curculio larvae) 7 mm Macrocentrus iridescens is a
Parasitoid Biology 23 BIOLOGY AND HOST RELATIONSHIPS OF PARASITOIDS Notes I. Definitions of Parasitoid and Host A. Parasitoid: A parasitic insect that lives in or on and eventually kills a
Using parasitoid wasps in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) against beetle and moth infestation, a critical evaluation Conclusion Using parasitoid wasps against insect pests show a large potential in IPM as the
Natura Montenegrina 7(3) 90 Only 4 primary parasitoid species from the total number of 27 parasitized more than one host species while 5 hyperparasitoid species from 13 ones parasitized two
A Wasp Parasitoid, Diadegma insulare (Cresson) (Insecta: Hymenotera: Ichneumonidae) 3 Adult The length of this wasp does not exceed 6 mm. The female has a well defined ovipositor.
PARASITOID COMPLEX OF ZYGAENA FILIPENDULAE L. (LEPIDOPTERA: ZYGAENIDAE) 1029 Another eulophid parasitoid is Pediobius sp. Pediobius is a large genus containing almost 200 spe-
WINTER ECOLOGY OF THE PARASITOID LYSIPHLEBUS TESTACEIPES CRESSON By DOUGLAS B. JONES Bachelor of Science Henderson State University Arkadelphia, Arkansas
Ant-Parasitoid Interactions 1. Evolution of host specificity in parasitoids (mechanisms of host location and host defense). 2. Behavioral changes in host after parasitoid
Parasitoid of the Citrus Leafminer, Cirrospilus ingenuus Gahan (Insecta: Hymenoptera:.... 4 the incidence of parasitism in hosts other than the
Biological Control of Codling Moth: Parasitoid Releases in Walnuts, Apples, and Pears Janet Caprile, University of California Cooperative Extension, Contra Costa County, CA 94523
COMMUNITY ECOLOGY - ORIGINAL PAPER Density-dependent intraguild predation of an aphid parasitoid Jeremy Matthew Chaco´n • George Eugene Heimpel
UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS TROPICAL BIOLOGY AND CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT – Vol.VII - Parasitoid Wasps, Natural Enemies of Insects - A. Bone
_____Parasitoid interactions and biological control 111 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods In an attempt to resolve these potential dilemmas we use a conceptual discrete-time model
Insects 2012, 3 1107 sites storage and packaging for release is simplified and irradiated sentinel-host eggs and larvae can be used to monitor parasitoid survival and dispersal [14,25,27±29].
LETTER The evolution of parasitoid fecundity: a paradigm under scrutiny Mark A. Jervis,1* Annika Moe2 and George E. Heimpel3 Abstract An important assumption in insect parasitoid life-history theory is that, within parasitoid complexes (species
Biologically-based technologies 85 Host specificity assessments of Cotesia plutellae, a parasitoid of diamondback moth P.J. Cameron1, G.P. Walker 1, M.A. Keller2 and J.R. Clearwater3
Insect parasitoid composition on soybean..... 61 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Insect parasitoid composition of soybean key pests The insect and their natural enemies composition on any plant varies in time and space and is
836 Host-parasitoid systems Suppose the parasitoids are distributed among a large number of patches according to some specified (but, as yet, arbitrary) distribution; the number of parasitoids in any one
solution. Whiteflies are phloem-feeding insects and nymphs removed in this manner cannot complete development but will remain alive in a humidified
5 Parasitoid guilds classified by level of host concealment (Hawkins 1994) 1. External foliavores 2. Species that feed in spun leaves 3. Leaf-mining insects that feed inside the
Poster Papers 279 Introduction and evaluation of Cotesia rubecula, a parasitoid of Pieris rapae in New Zealand P.J. Cameron and G.P. Walker New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research Ltd, Private Bag 92169, Auckland, New Zealand.
Parasitoid sex allocation affects co-evolution of patch selection and stability in host–parasitoid systems Sebastian J. Schreiber, 1* Laurel R. Fox 2 and Wayne M. Getz 3
Nymphs of the blue gum psyllid on baby blue gum foliage exude waxy secretions. Psyllaephagus pilosus, the tiny primary parasitoid of the blue gum psyllid, con-
POPULATION ECOLOGY . Biology and Ecology of Anagrus takeyanus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae)., an Egg Parasitoid of the Azalea Lace Bug (Heteroptera: Tingidae)
Eggs of Eretmocerus eremicus, a whitefly parasitoid Mark K. Asplen, David E. Bellamy & David N. Byrne Department of Entomology, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 85721
Lady beetle larva eating aphids. Tar spots on leaf 1. 2. caused by fungus. 3. Mistletoe on a tree during winter. 4. 5. 6.Wasp larvae emerg-7. 8.
PARASITOID COMPLEX OF STEREONYCHUS FRAXINI (DE GEER) (COLEOPTERA, CURCULIONIDAE) IN SERBIA 735 The index of parasitism of our samples in which parasitoids were found ranged from 0.3% to 64.5 %.
178 P.C. Marino et al. / Biological Control 37 (2006) 173–185 Appendix A Pest Lepidoptera, the crops that each pest attacks, fully identiWed parasitoids reared from those pests on those crops, the taxon of the parasitoids (D,
The case (to date) for biological control of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis, by a native parasitoid, Atanycolus hicoriae November 2008
Toxicity of pesticides to Tamarixia radiata, a parasitoid of the Asian citrus psyllid David G. Hall • Ru Nguyen Received: 2 November 2009/Accepted: 29 March 2010
Demography and life history of the egg parasitoid, Trichogramma brassicae, on two moths Anagasta kuehniella and Plodia interpunctella in the laboratory
Results and discussion Identiﬁcation of the parasitoid Two eupelmid wasps emerged from the overwintering eggs of L.delicatulaon3May2010(Fig.1A–B).Theparasitoidisinferredtobe
232 parasitoid species shifting to the new host, and their abundance, correlate positively with the duration of new host presence? The prediction is that both will, following
Parasitoid infestation changes female mating Preferences 795 due to both an increase in the proportion of less selective fe-males and the higher mortality of fast-chirping males (see
Hymenopteran parasitoids on Tephritidae 85 Table 3. Guilds and host range of Anastrepha’s parasitoid species. Parasitoid guild Host range (Diptera)1 (mean SEM) Parasitoid species represented
SHORT COMMUNICATION Does parasitoid attack strategy influence host specificity? A test with New World braconids DAVID M. ALTHOFFDepartment of Biological Sciences, University of Idaho, U.S.A.
periments, we manipulated the parasitoid, then the generalist predator guild, and ﬁnally both classes of natural enemy, and recorded resulting impacts on pea aphid population control. The parasitoid caused little immediate reduction in aphid population growth but
NProcew R. HecoaWRaiiand: W eoldstedtiusntomol. soc flavolineatus. (2009) 41:105–111 105 New Record for Woldstedtius flavolineatus (Ichneumonidae: Diplazontinae), a Hymenopteran Parasitoid
M. Usman et al. effect of egg parasitoid, trichogramma chilonis against tomato fruitworm… 256 number of larvae recorded was 1.00 larvae plant-1.
107 Host-parasitoid with intraspecific competition at time . Using the concept of Hassell , we modify the model (2) by introducing the
Proposed Release of a Parasitoid (Tamarixia radiata Waterston) for the Biological Control of Asian Citrus Psyllid (Diaphorina citri Kuwayma in the Continental
1 an example of parasitoid foraging: torymus capite (huber; hymemoptera: torymidae [chalcidoidea]) attacking the goldenrod gall-midge asteromyia carbonifera (o. s.; diptera:
Whitefly-Parasitoid Interactions 211 December 2005 site systems, the parasitoid has often evolved unique mechanisms with specific targets to modify
Adv. Environ. Biol., 3(3): 239-243, 2009 241 Table 1: Species of stored product pests were collected in the study Pests Cereals Dry fruits & Nuts Legumes Processed food
Differentiate between parasite and parasitoid 5. Define hyper, multiple & gregarious parasitoids 6. Explain why small is good Chicken body louse Chicken feather louse 2 UF JFB UF JFB Introduction
_____Adding floral diversity to enhance parasitoid fitness and efficacy 211 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods ADDING FLORAL DIVERSITY TO ENHANCE PARASITOID FITNESS AND
INSECT PARASITOIDS Unlike a parasite (which usually do not kill their hosts) parasitoids usually kill their hosts. A parasitoid is an organism that spends a significant portion of its life history attached to
228 X.-g. Wang, R.H. Messing / Biological Control 31 (2004) 227–236 establishment of several braconids such as the egg–pupal parasitoid, Fopius arisanus (Sonan), has resulted in sig-
Hymenptrous parasitoids as a bioagents for controlling maybugs in Egypt 187 10. Chartocerus subaeneus (Foerster) (Family: Signiphoridae) Primary parasitoid: Allotropa sp., Leptomastidae abnormis, Clausenia josefi and